Worms in humans: causes, symptoms, treatment

The distribution of worms in the population is very high. Many diseases occur against the background of weakening the body from parasites. A theory of the relationship between oncology and worm infection is being developed. Therefore, you should not start the situation, but it is better to take precautionary measures.

Abdominal pain as a symptom of the presence of worms

Routes of infection

The rate of parasite spread depends on the conditions. In places with high temperatures and high humidity, helminths multiply faster. This indicator is influenced by habits and hygiene standards.

There is a view that only children are sick with worms. An adult can be infected with parasites for the rest of his life without realizing it. Certain categories of people are at risk - hunters, fishermen, pet owners, gardeners.

In the soil (water) there are many mature helminth eggs, which appear there from animal and human feces. Any contact with the soil can be contaminated with parasites. Pets, children in their toys, adults in shoes, flies on their feet and wings bring soil particles into the house. Foods that have come in contact with the soil may also have soil residues.

In an infected person, the eggs of the worms will be in the hands, household items, clothes, furniture. It is not necessary to have direct contact with such a person for an infection to occur (for example a handshake). As long as he uses the door knob in his house.

The method of helminth infection through food is widespread in the adult population. By eating poorly cooked meat, fish become the cause of the disease. You can be infected by properly salted, smoked or frozen river fish. Contaminated uncooked meat is a danger. In open tanks, there is a huge number of helminth eggs. They penetrate the human body if swallowed accidentally during swimming, diving. It is not recommended to use such water for cooking or you have to boil it for a long time.

Worm eggs are transmitted when insects bite, in the future the parasites will live under the skin. This method of contamination is more typical of tropical humid climates. However, there are cases of parasites spreading from insects that suck blood to other places.

Manifestation of infection

Worm marks on the body can appear at different times from the time of infection. When the ascaris enters the body, the symptoms appear on the third day. Symptoms of infection with all other helminths become severe after about 3 weeks.

Since this invasion is parasitic, the worms will feed on the host's pores. Signs of their presence will be based on the loss of nutrients from the human body. The course of pathologies (helminthiasis) is acute and chronic. In the acute form, the duration is not more than three weeks. Usually, there is a connection with a parasitic infestation. In the chronic form, the duration extends for months, years, decades. It is difficult to make a correct diagnosis, as there is no link between poor health and the presence of worms. The symptoms are vague, suitable for other diseases.

Worms live in different internal organs. Typical signs appear depending on the place where they accumulate. There may be pain in the joints, in the muscles - this is a symptom that the parasites are located in the synovial fluid, in the muscle fibers. Arthritis is often misdiagnosed. A sign of the presence of worms in the lungs is asthma, pneumonia, persistent cough that is difficult to treat.

Every parasite releases toxic waste during its lifetime. Their action causes an exacerbation of chronic pathologies, the beginning of new inflammatory processes. In the nasopharynx, sinusitis, sinusitis can start, in the oral cavity - stomatitis, in the genitals, disease of the appendages, chewing gum.


Modern diagnostic methods make it possible to determine the presence of parasites in the body, to determine their type, age, stage of development. This makes it easier for doctors to draw up a treatment plan, speeds up a person's recovery.

Stool analysis may not always identify the infection. For an accurate result, you will need to be tested several times, but the stool may contain eggs of all known helminths. Venous blood analysis is more informative. Anal ablation allows you to identify a set of helminths in the gut, for example, roundworms and pinworms.

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with high accuracy shows the presence of adult worms, eggs in the human body, their variety. If necessary, a study of duodenal secretions is performed.

Your doctor may recommend a repeat test for a more accurate result. A single negative result can not guarantee the absence of parasites.

Get rid of worms

The treatment of the body from helminths is carried out by specialists - parasitologists. Modern medicines have a specific orientation of wide and narrow nature to different types of worms. The exact cause of the disease must be determined, so self-medication is trivial and dangerous. Drugs are toxic, it is necessary to choose exactly the drug that will be effective against a particular type of parasite.

The main drugs are:

All anthelmintic drugs have side effects. These are dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, abdominal pain, nausea and other signs of chemical poisoning. Enterophoresis, for example, activated carbon, will help you get rid of such negative effects (take at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight of a person).

There are drops of worms for sale. It is a convenient dosage form that allows you to measure the dose more accurately. This is difficult to do with tablets because they are covered with a protective coating that should never break.

What means of treatment, the doctor should choose, this will avoid poisoning. After all, it is not enough to destroy the parasites, you must remove their remains from the human body. Continuing to remain in the human body, they will rot, releasing toxins into the bloodstream. From this, you can start to ache again.

The last step in treatment should be recovery. The whole body is destroyed, the destructive effect of toxins. Where the parasites moved, traces of their suckers were left. An infection is easily associated with these bleeding wounds and secondary diseases begin. To prevent such a development of the event, special drugs are taken.

There is a specific plan for what to do when treating a parasitic disease. With self-medication, the patient does not go through all these stages, so you should seek medical help. Folk remedies will be a good addition to the classic methods of treatment, effective in the recovery period.

Prevention measures

Parasites cause great damage to the body. Precautions must be taken, especially for those at risk. In the spring and before the first frosts, medication must be prevented. Therefore, anthelmintic drugs are taken in a single dose. It is best to choose a medicine with a doctor, especially for children.

The other preventive measures are to prevent the entry of parasites into the body. If the helminth does not enter the host's body in time, then it dies. By blocking all ways of penetration, observing the rules of cleanliness and hygiene, you can prevent the multiplication of parasites in your body.